Bio bio region
This city is located in the Southern Hemisphere in South America, at 36º 46 '22 "S latitude and 73º 03' 47" O longitude, with an average elevation of 12 msnm, in the Valle de la Mocha between the coastal plains and the Coastal Range. It is located in the extreme south of the central zone of Chile, in the geographic center of the country.
Concepción is a large commune and capital of the Biobío Region. The urban nucleus of Concepción exerts a significant impact on the national commerce to be part of the region with more industrialization of the country.
It limits to the north with Hualpén, Talcahuano and Penco; to the south with Chiguayante and Hualqui; to the east with the commune of Florida and to the west with the Biobío river and the communes of San Pedro de la Paz, Coronel and Lota. Formerly it was located in the Bay of Concepción, in the territory that currently occupies the town of Penco, its name, "penquista", derives from its first location.
The city was founded in 1550 by Pedro de Valdivia under the title of the Spanish crown, under the name of Concepción de María Purísima del Nuevo Extremo, and it was the capital of the Kingdom of Chile between 1565 and 1573, staying afterwards as the military and political center of the kingdom for the rest of the Chilean colonial period. Later, he was part of the first independence attempt of Chile in 1810, at the hands of the lawyer Juan Martínez de Rozas. It has been the center of the most populous regional conurbation in the country since the early twentieth century, and has as a cultural symbol the Plaza de la Independencia, place where the solemn declaration on the Chilean liberation of Spanish realism was carried out.
The commune shelters varied bridges, murals, parks and lagoons. Concepción concentrates its activity in the services area and functions as the financial center of the Gran Concepción. It also has numerous colleges and universities, among which the University of Concepción, the University of Bío-Bío and the Catholic University of the Santísima Concepción stand out.